While E-bikes have come down in price in recent years, they are still an expensive item and should be properly maintained to ensure that you get the highest possible value from your investment. By maintaining your e-bike correctly you can extend the life of your e-bike and save yourself the headache of having to pay for replacement parts.
Thankfully, maintaining your e-bike is simple to do and for the most part requires the same types of maintenance as a non-electric bicycle. There are a few exceptions to this, which we will discuss in this article.
The majority of e-bike maintenance falls under the domain of preventative care and can be done by anyone, regardless of bicycle knowledge.
Check out our complete guide to e-bike maintenance below and get started on keeping your e-bike in tiptop shape!
Guide to E-Bike Maintenance
Keeping your e-bike clean is essential preventative care. By cleaning your e-bike after each ride, you will prevent buildup of debris and dirt that could lead to more serious issues.
When cleaning, make sure to not use high power water or jet stream hoses as the water will infiltrate the electrical components and cause damage. Also, you don’t want the water to remove the lubricant from the bearings, which will cause them to move slower and possibly corrode.
Use a toothbrush and warm water to wash away any dirt, sand, or other debris that has gathered on the chain or in the gears. Once complete, remove all remaining moisture with a dry towel.
Another preventative step that you should take is not to leave your e-bike out in the elements. Exceedingly hot weather could cause the battery to degrade as well as disturb the electrical components. Also, any precipitation could harm the electrical components or cause the chain to rust.
Once a week or so, you should inspect several areas of your e-bike to make sure that everything is as it should be.
The main things that you’ll want to check are all of the bolts and the brake pads. Go over all of the bolts and check to see that they are all properly tightened and that nothing is coming loose. For the brake pads, you’ll want to inspect for excessive wear to prevent damage to the tires.
It’s also a good idea to read through the instruction manual that came with your e-bike and see what other preventative care the company who manufactured the bike recommends.
In your instruction manual, you will find the proper psi for your tires. Check them weekly to ensure that the psi is correct.
By keeping your tires at the correct psi, you will prevent uneven wear to your tires. If the tires are too flat or uneven, the motor will have to work harder than it should, decreasing the range per charge of your e-bike and causing unnecessary strain.
If your tire pressure is too low, you will have to pedal harder when in manual or pedal assist mode than normal and risk getting a pinch flat, which is when the tube gets pinched between tire and rim and punctures.
You should replace your tires every 2000 miles.
Lubrication is key to keeping a well functioning e-bike. You’ll want to keep your e-bikes chain, levers, and cables lubricated. Use a lubricant specifically designed for e-bikes. Do not use WD-40 or other generic oils. Also, make sure to use the appropriate lube for the corresponding season, e.g., use wet lube in winter and dry lube in summer.
Apply the lubricant to the necessary places on your e-bike and let it sit for a few minutes before wiping away the excess lubricant with a dry rag or towel.
From time to time, you should also apply some degreaser to remove any buildup of gunk in the chain, levers, and cables.
Taking steps to prevent battery degradation will result in a much better functioning e-bike.
Always keep your battery fully charged when not in use. Also, store your battery at room temperature. If the battery is exposed to prolonged heat or coldness, it could result on decreased functioning.
If you notice that your battery is working poorly, perform a full conditioning cycle. To do this, run your battery until it is completely empty and then charge it back to full power. This will fix many small problems, similar to a computer reboot. You may have to do this two or three times to achieve the desired effect.Now that you got your head around the basics of e-bike maintenance, it’s time to pull out that old toothbrush and start scr